“We acknowledge the presence of tribal members from Wisconsin sovereign nations in Milwaukee, including the Oneida Nation, Stockbridge-Munsee Community Band of Mohicans, Brothertown Nation and Ojibwe Nations – namely, the Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, Sokaogon Chippewa Community and St. Croix Chippewa Indians.”
The Black Hawk War loomed large in the background of the treaty negotiations, an illuminating exchange from which appears in the “Council House” chapter in the next part of this digital reader (“Negotiations”). The war also figures prominently in Nehemiah Matson’s account of the Potawatomi leader Shab-eh-nay’s life story in his article “Sketch of Shau-be-na” that appears in the second part of this digital reader (“Treaty Narratives”). Learn more about the Black Hawk War at Turning Points in Wisconsin History from the Wisconsin Historical Society.
The green part of this map tagged 187 identifies the land cessions in Wisconsin from the 1833 Treaty of Chicago. It is bounded to the north by the pink part tagged 160 that identifies the land cessions from an earlier treaty with the Menominee, & to the west by the blue part tagged 174 that identifies land cessions from an earlier treaty with the Ho-Chunk. View land cessions in Illinois at this related map at the Library of Congress.
The creator of this map, the Milwaukee speculator M.L. Martin, refers to it in a letter found in the “Horace Chase’s Narrative” chapter that appears in the third part of this digital reader (“Milwaukee & the Region”).